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整合resin和apache

Apache技术 jerry1111111 22次浏览 已收录 0个评论

为什么要整合resin和apache,已经整合的好处如下:

a.动静分离

b.早起的resin、tomcat的http服务不太好

c.早期的resin、tomcat对rewrite和expire功能不太好

一、安装apache

[root@mylinux4 contrib]# yum -y install zlib libxml libjpeg freetype libpng gd curl libiconv zlib-devel libxml2-devel libjpeg-devel freetype-devel libpng-devel gd-devel curl-devel gcc gcc-devel gcc-c++ gcc-c++-devel
[root@mylinux4 contrib]# cd /opt/tools/
[root@mylinux4 tools]# tar -zxf httpd-2.2.23.tar.gz 
[root@mylinux4 tools]# cd httpd-2.2.23
[root@mylinux4 httpd-2.2.23]# mkdir /usr/local/apache
[root@mylinux4 httpd-2.2.23]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache \
> --enable-deflate \
> --enable-headers \
> --enable-modules \
> --enable-so \
> --with-mpm=worker \
> --enable-rewrite
[root@mylinux4 httpd-2.2.23]# make && make install

二、为apache编译resin mod_caucho模块

[root@mylinux4 httpd-2.2.23]# cd /opt/tools/resin-3.1.13
[root@mylinux4 resin-3.1.13]# ./configure --with-apxs=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs
[root@mylinux4 resin-3.1.13]# cd modules/c/src/
[root@mylinux4 src]# make 
[root@mylinux4 src]# make install
[root@mylinux4 src]# ll /usr/local/apache/modules/
total 180
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   9084 Oct  2 23:42 httpd.exp
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 170931 Oct  2 23:51 mod_caucho.so
[root@mylinux4 src]# tail -9 /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf 
#
# mod_caucho Resin Configuration
#
LoadModule caucho_module /usr/local/apache/modules/mod_caucho.so
ResinConfigServer localhost 6800
CauchoConfigCacheDirectory /tmp
CauchoStatus yes
# 上面的配置是编译后产生的
[root@mylinux4 src]# vi /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf 
[root@mylinux4 src]# tail -9 /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf 
#
# mod_caucho Resin Configuration
#
LoadModule caucho_module /usr/local/apache/modules/mod_caucho.so
ResinConfigServer 192.168.100.182 6911
CauchoConfigCacheDirectory /tmp
CauchoStatus yes
# 修改一下resin的地址和端口

三、启动apache服务并测试

[root@mylinux4 src]# /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start
httpd: apr_sockaddr_info_get() failed for mylinux4.contoso.com
httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 127.0.0.1 for ServerName

wKioL1fxN0PCqR7DAACpd3nN2I0006.jpg-wh_50

[root@mylinux4 src]# netstat -lntup|egrep "6911|6921|8080"
tcp        0      0 :::8080                     :::*                        LISTEN      54612/java          
tcp        0      0 ::ffff:192.168.100.182:6911 :::*                        LISTEN      54612/java          
tcp        0      0 ::ffff:127.0.0.1:6921       :::*                        LISTEN      54584/java          
[root@mylinux4 src]# /etc/init.d/resin stop
Stopping resin: .
[root@mylinux4 src]# netstat -lntup|egrep "6911|6921|8080"

wKioL1fxOg-xw0mdAAE1ftN0-gc629.jpg-wh_50

上面的测试结果说明,由apache进行静态内容的展示,而动态内容则交给resin进行解析并返回给apache.

为了更有力的证明这一点,再来做一个测试:

[root@mylinux4 ~]# cd /usr/local/apache/htdocs/
[root@mylinux4 htdocs]# echo "99+1=<%=99+1%>" >> test.jsp
[root@mylinux4 htdocs]# ll
total 8
-rw-r--r-- 1 apache apache 44 Nov 21  2004 index.html
-rw-r--r-- 1 apache apache 15 Oct  3 00:51 test.jsp
[root@mylinux4 ~]# cd /usr/local/resin/webapps/ROOT/
[root@mylinux4 ROOT]# echo "Hello,world." >> test.jsp
[root@mylinux4 ROOT]# ll
total 12
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1507 Nov  9  2012 index.jsp
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   13 Oct  3 01:13 test.jsp
drwxr-xr-x 5 root root 4096 Oct  2 21:35 WEB-INF

在apache的根目录/usr/local/apache/htdocs中创建一个test.jsp,内容是“99+1=<%=99+1%>”,并在resin的web目录/usr/local/resin/webapps/ROOT也创建一个test.jsp,内容是“Hello,world.”,在浏览器中打开,看浏览器返回的内容:

wKioL1fxQkLizoQWAACieE-TocA853.jpg-wh_50

返回的内容是resin的web目录中test.jsp中的内容,再一次证明动态内容交给resin进行处理。

四、配置动态和静态内容都交给resin进行处理

[root@mylinux4 src]# tail -9 /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf 

# mod_caucho Resin Configuration

#

LoadModule caucho_module /usr/local/apache/modules/mod_caucho.so

ResinConfigServer 192.168.100.182 6911

SetHandler caucho-request #添加这一行内容

CauchoConfigCacheDirectory /tmp

CauchoStatus yes

[root@mylinux4 src]# /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl graceful

浏览器访问测试:

wKiom1fxRY3iRfi8AAEgs60rH6A565.jpg-wh_50

可以看到,这是resin的web首页index.jsp的内容。

五、在apache中配置虚拟主机转发resin解析

1、在apache中创建一个虚拟主机

[root@mylinux4 src]# tail -21 /usr/local/apache/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf 

<VirtualHost *:80>

    ServerAdmin admin@contoso.com

    DocumentRoot “/var/www/html/mylinux4”

    ServerName www.mylinux4.com

    ServerAlias mylinux4.com

    ErrorLog “logs/www.mylinux4.com-error_log”

    CustomLog “logs/www.mylinux4.com-access_log” common

    <Directory “/var/www/html/mylinux4”>

    options -Indexes +FollowSymLinks

    AllowOverride None

    Order allow,deny

    Allow from all

    </Directory>

#Resin configuration

ResinConfigServer  192.168.100.182 6911

SetHandler  caucho-request #这里设置虚拟主机将所有请求都转给resin进行解析

</VirtualHost>

2、创建站点目录和主页文件

[root@mylinux4 src]# mkdir /var/www/html/mylinux4

[root@mylinux4 src]# echo “mylinux4 from vhost in apache.” >>/var/www/html/mylinux4/index.html

[root@mylinux4 src]# /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl -t

Syntax OK

[root@mylinux4 src]# /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl graceful

[root@mylinux4 src]# 

3、修改hosts文件

在hosts文件中添加如下内容:

192.168.100.182  www.mylinux4.com

4、在浏览器中打开

wKioL1fxTY7yf9aQAAEWVR9eSBM336.jpg-wh_50

同样的,在linux上curl一个不存在的页面,将返回如下内容:

[root@mylinux4 src]# curl http://www.mylinux4.com/a.html

<html>

<head><title>404 Not Found</title></head>

<body>

<h1>404 Not Found</h1>

/a.html was not found on this server.

<p /><hr />

<small>

Resin/3.1.13

</small>

</body></html>

上面的内容也说明,该请求是由resin进行处理的。

5、下面将转发给resin的设置注释掉,再进行测试。

<VirtualHost *:80>

    ServerAdmin admin@contoso.com

    DocumentRoot “/var/www/html/mylinux4”

    ServerName www.mylinux4.com

    ServerAlias mylinux4.com

    ErrorLog “logs/www.mylinux4.com-error_log”

    CustomLog “logs/www.mylinux4.com-access_log” common

    <Directory “/var/www/html/mylinux4”>

    options -Indexes +FollowSymLinks

    AllowOverride None

    Order allow,deny

    Allow from all

    </Directory>

#Resin configuration

#ResinConfigServer  192.168.100.182 6911

#SetHandler  caucho-request

</VirtualHost>

[root@mylinux4 src]# /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl graceful

wKiom1fxTvLBi0XsAACxGf8WJps309.jpg-wh_50

同样的,curl一个不存在的页面,出现的结果如下:

[root@mylinux4 src]# curl http://www.mylinux4.com/a.html

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC “-//IETF//DTD HTML 2.0//EN”>

<html><head>

<title>404 Not Found</title>

</head><body>

<h1>Not Found</h1>

<p>The requested URL /a.html was not found on this server.</p>

</body></html>

这里并没有转发给resin。

六、resin配置多个虚拟主机

   

<server id='test' address='192.168.100.182' port='6911' watchdog-port="6921">
      <http address="*" port="8080" />
 <jvm-arg>-Xmx256m</jvm-arg>
 <jvm-arg>-Xss1m</jvm-arg>
 <jvm-arg>-Xdebug</jvm-arg>
 <jvm-arg>-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote</jvm-arg>
 <memory-free-min>1M</memory-free-min>
 <thread-max>256</thread-max>
 <socket-timeout>65s</socket-timeout>
 <keepalive-max>128</keepalive-max>
 <keepalive-timeout>15s</keepalive-timeout>
    </server>
    <server id='demo' address='192.168.100.182' port='6912' watchdog-port="6922">
      <http address="*" port="8081" />
 <jvm-arg>-Xmx256m</jvm-arg>
 <jvm-arg>-Xss1m</jvm-arg>
 <jvm-arg>-Xdebug</jvm-arg>
 <jvm-arg>-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote</jvm-arg>
 <memory-free-min>1M</memory-free-min>
 <thread-max>256</thread-max>
 <socket-timeout>65s</socket-timeout>
 <keepalive-max>128</keepalive-max>
 <keepalive-timeout>15s</keepalive-timeout>
    </server>

七、配置resin多站点目录

把host-default 模块删除,添加下面的内容。在对应的位置添加

 

<!--create first vhost demo1 -->
  
 <host id="demo1" root-directory="/usr/local/resin/webapps">
 <host-alias>www.demo1.org</host-alias>
  
       <!--
          - configures an explicit root web-app matching the
          - webapp's ROOT
         -->
       <web-app id="/" root-directory="/usr/local/resin/webapps/demo1">
                          <session-config cookie-domain="www.demo1.com" reuse-session-id="true">
                                 <session-timeout>5</session-timeout>
                                 <session-max>12000</session-max>
                          </session-config>
                          <servlet-mapping servlet->
                                 <url-pattern>/resin-status-www.demo1.com</url-pattern>
                                 <init enable="read"/>
                          </servlet-mapping>
                              <error-page  error-code='404' location='/tips/404.html'/>
         </web-app>
         <web-app id="/resin-admin-www.demo1.com" root-directory="${resin.home}/php/admin">
                 <character-encoding>utf-8</character-encoding>
                 <prologue>
                         <resin:set var="resin_admin_external" value="true"/>
                         <resin:set var="resin_admin_insecure" value="true"/>
                 </prologue>
  
                         <security-constraint>
                                 <web-resource-collection>
                                         <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
                                 </web-resource-collection>
                         </security-constraint>
        </web-app>
  
                 <stderr-log path='/var/log/resinlog/demo1_stderr.log'     rollover-period='1W'/>
                 <stdout-log path='/var/log/resinlog/demo1_stdoutr.log'    rollover-period='1W'/>
  
 </host>
 <!-- ########################################################################## -->
 <!--create second vhost demo2 -->
  
 <host id="demo2" root-directory="/usr/local/resin/webapps">
 <host-alias>www.demo2.com</host-alias>
  
       <!--
          - configures an explicit root web-app matching the
          - webapp's ROOT
         -->
       <web-app id="/" root-directory="/usr/local/resin/webapps/demo2">
                          <session-config cookie-domain="www.demo2.com" reuse-session-id="true">
                                 <session-timeout>5</session-timeout>
                                 <session-max>12000</session-max>
                          </session-config>
                          <servlet-mapping servlet->
                                 <url-pattern>/resin-status-www.demo2.com</url-pattern>
                                 <init enable="read"/>
                          </servlet-mapping>
                              <error-page  error-code='404' location='/tips/404.html'/>
         </web-app>
         <web-app id="/resin-admin-www.demo2.com" root-directory="${resin.home}/php/admin">
                 <character-encoding>utf-8</character-encoding>
                 <prologue>
                         <resin:set var="resin_admin_external" value="true"/>
                         <resin:set var="resin_admin_insecure" value="true"/>
                 </prologue>
  
                         <security-constraint>
                                 <web-resource-collection>
                                         <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
                                 </web-resource-collection>
                         </security-constraint>
        </web-app>
  
                 <stderr-log path='/var/log/resinlog/demo2_stderr.log'     rollover-period='1W'/>
                 <stdout-log path='/var/log/resinlog/demo2_stdoutr.log'    rollover-period='1W'/>
  
 </host>

八、错误优雅显示

<error-page  error-code='404' location='/tips/404.html'/>

九、修改resin的默认日志配置

resin的默认日志设置格式为:

 

<log name="" level="info" path="stdout:"
       timestamp="[%H:%M:%S.%s] {%{thread}} "/>

一般我们采用下面的方式记录日志(记录每一天的日志):

     

<stderr-log path='/var/log/resinlog/demo1_stderr.log'     rollover-period='1D'/>
<stdout-log path='/var/log/resinlog/demo1_stdoutr.log'    rollover-period='1D'/>

而resin日志内容的格式为:

     

<access-log path="logs/access.log"
            format='%h %l %u %t "%r" %s %b "%{Referer}i" "%{User-Agent}i"'
            rollover-period="1W"/>

我们也对此进行修改,示例如下:

<access-log path="/var/log/resinlog/access.log"
           archive-format="access-%Y%m%d.log.gz"
           format='%h %l %u %t "%r" %s %b "%{Referer}i" "%{User-Agent}i"'
           rollover-size="10mb"
           rollover-period="1D"/>
<stdout-log path="/var/log/resinlog/stdout.log"
           archive-format="stdout-%Y%m%d.log.gz"
           timestamp="[%Y.%m.%d %H:%M:%S.%s]"
           rollover-size="10mb"
           rollover-period="1D"/>
<stderr-log path="/var/log/resinlog/stderr.log"
           archive-format="stderr-%Y%m%d.log.gz"
           timestamp="[%Y.%m.%d %H:%M:%S.%s]"
           rollover-size="10mb"
           rollover-period="1D"/>


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