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Apache 配置虚拟主机之1–基于名称(name-based)

Apache技术 kgcsbin 27次浏览 已收录 0个评论
  • 基于 name-based
  • 基于 IP
  • 基于 port
  • 结合

 

一、基于名称(name-based)

需要配置 hosts,httpd.conf

 

实验环境需求:

2个域名:www1.example.com www2.example.com

IP:192.168.136.140

端口:80

 

文件目录。/var/www目录下的结构如下。

[root@docker1 www]# tree
.
├── cgi-bin
├── html
├── logs
│   ├── www1
│   │   ├── access_log
│   │   └── error_log
│   └── www2
│   └── error_log
└── vhosts
    ├── www1
    │   └── index.html
    └── www2
        └── index.html

10 directories, 3 files

index.html的内容如下

[root@docker1 www]# cat /var/www/vhosts/www[12]/*

Holle world!

welcome to www1.example.com site.

Holle world!

welcome to www2.example.com site.

 

# 编辑本地DNS
vim /etc/hosts

# 添加多域名的记录
192.168.136.140 www1.example.com www2.example.com

# 添加 Name-Based 虚拟主机块配置
vim /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
## Name-Based ####################################################
<VirtualHost *:80>
    # This first-listed virtual host is also the default for *:80 第一个虚拟主机为默认主机
    ServerName www1.example.com
    ServerAlias example1.com
    DocumentRoot "/var/www/vhosts/www1"
</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName www2.example.com
    #ServerAlias example2.com
    DocumentRoot "/var/www/vhosts/www2"
</VirtualHost>
###################################################################

# 检查配置语法 *:80    is a NameVirtualHost 这里能正常解析,语法OK
[root@docker1 vhosts]# httpd -S
VirtualHost configuration:
*:80                   is a NameVirtualHost
         default server www1.example.com (/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf:82)
         port 80 namevhost www1.example.com (/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf:82)
                 alias example1.com
         port 80 namevhost www2.example.com (/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf:89)
ServerRoot: "/etc/httpd"
Main DocumentRoot: "/var/www/html"
Main ErrorLog: "/etc/httpd/logs/error_log"
Mutex proxy: using_defaults
Mutex authn-socache: using_defaults
Mutex default: dir="/run/httpd/" mechanism=default 
Mutex mpm-accept: using_defaults
Mutex authdigest-opaque: using_defaults
Mutex proxy-balancer-shm: using_defaults
Mutex rewrite-map: using_defaults
Mutex authdigest-client: using_defaults
PidFile: "/run/httpd/httpd.pid"
Define: DUMP_VHOSTS
Define: DUMP_RUN_CFG
User: name="apache" id=48
Group: name="apache" id=48
[root@docker1 vhosts]# 

# 重启 httpd
systemctl restart httpd.service
systemctl status httpd.service

[root@docker1 vhosts]# systemctl status httpd.service -l
● httpd.service - The Apache HTTP Server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Wed 2016-12-14 15:56:58 CST; 26min ago
     Docs: man:httpd(8)
           man:apachectl(8)
  Process: 5951 ExecStop=/bin/kill -WINCH ${MAINPID} (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
 Main PID: 5957 (httpd)
   Status: "Total requests: 9; Current requests/sec: 0; Current traffic:   0 B/sec"
   Memory: 4.1M
   CGroup: /system.slice/httpd.service
           ├─5957 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5958 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5959 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5960 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5962 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5975 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5978 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5979 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5980 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5981 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           └─6233 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

Dec 14 15:56:58 docker1 systemd[1]: Starting The Apache HTTP Server...
Dec 14 15:56:58 docker1 httpd[5957]: AH00558: httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 192.168.136.140. Set the 'ServerName' directive globally to suppress this message
Dec 14 15:56:58 docker1 systemd[1]: Started The Apache HTTP Server.
[root@docker1 vhosts]# 

# 验证通过域名访问
[root@docker1 vhosts]# curl 127.0.0.1

Holle world!

welcome to www1.example.com site.

[root@docker1 vhosts]# curl www1.example.com

Holle world!

welcome to www1.example.com site.

[root@docker1 vhosts]# curl www2.example.com

Holle world!

welcome to www2.example.com site.

现在基于主机名的配置已完成。

附:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/vhosts/name-based.html

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