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nginx、tomcat、apache-ftpserver、mariadb 环境的简单安装搭建

Apache技术 翘楚秦歌 139次浏览 已收录 0个评论

內部測試環境部署文檔

因為內網並沒有聯網,故使用的rpm包安裝的形式進行相關軟件的安裝

涉及软件及应用版本:

Linux版本: CentOS 7.2

Nginx版本:nginx-1.10.1

Java版本: jdk-8u101

Tomcat版本:Tomcat-7.0.72

MySQL版本:mariadb-5.5.52

1.nginx安裝及配置

首先安裝nginx前需要安裝一些依賴庫 openssl-devel 、zlib-devel 、pcre-devel

但是還有其他依賴包需要安裝  rpm -ivh *.rpm

keyutils-libs-devel-1.5.8-3.el7.x86_64.rpm

krb5-devel-1.13.2-10.el7.x86_64.rpm

libcom_err-devel-1.42.9-7.el7.x86_64.rpm

libselinux-devel-2.2.2-6.el7.x86_64.rpm

libsepol-devel-2.1.9-3.el7.x86_64.rpm

libverto-devel-0.2.5-4.el7.x86_64.rpm

openssl-devel-1.0.1e-42.el7.9.x86_64.rpm

pcre-devel-8.32-15.el7.x86_64.rpm

zlib-devel-1.2.7-15.el7.x86_64.rpm

程序默认是使用 nobody 身份运行的,我们使用 nginx 用户来运行,首先添加Nginx组和用户,不创建家目录,不允许登陆系统

#groupadd  nginx

#useradd  -M  -s /sbin/nologin  -g  nginx  nginx

安裝nginx採取的是nginx-1.10.1.tar.gz

# tar xf nginx-1.10.1.tar.gz 

# cd nginx-1.10.1

指定安装目錄和编译啟用一些狀態監控模塊等

#  ./configure \

  –prefix=/usr/local/nginx   \

  –pid-path=/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid  \

  –lock-path=/var/lock/nginx.lock \

  –user=nginx \

  –group=nginx \

  –with-http_ssl_module \

  –with-http_flv_module \

  –with-http_stub_status_module \

  –with-http_gzip_static_module \

  –http-client-body-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/client/ \

  –http-proxy-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/proxy/ \

  –http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/fcgi/ \

  –http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/uwsgi \

  –http-scgi-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/scgi \

  –with-pcre

大概结果:

Configuration summary

  + using system PCRE library

  + using system OpenSSL library

  + md5: using OpenSSL library

  + sha1: using OpenSSL library

  + using system zlib library

  nginx path prefix: “/usr/local/nginx”

  nginx binary file: “/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx”

  nginx modules path: “/usr/local/nginx/modules”

  nginx configuration prefix: “/usr/local/nginx/conf”

  nginx configuration file: “/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf”

  nginx pid file: “/var/run/nginx/nginx.pid”

  nginx error log file: “/usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log”

  nginx http access log file: “/usr/local/nginx/logs/access.log”

  nginx http client request body temporary files: “/var/tmp/nginx/client/”

  nginx http proxy temporary files: “/var/tmp/nginx/proxy/”

  nginx http fastcgi temporary files: “/var/tmp/nginx/fcgi/”

  nginx http uwsgi temporary files: “/var/tmp/nginx/uwsgi”

  nginx http scgi temporary files: “/var/tmp/nginx/scgi”

上述配置完,就進行編譯安裝  

#make && make install

#mkdir /var/tmp/nginx/client/ -pv

等编译安装完成后在 /usr/local 下就会出现 Nginx 这个目录了,进入这个目录后发现目录非常简单。

它的配置文件存放在 conf 目录中,网页文件存放在 html 中,日志文件存放在 logs 中,

sbin 目录下只有一个可执行程序 “nginx”

配置nginx.conf文件

user  nginx;

worker_processes  auto;

error_log  /usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log;

pid  /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid;

worker_rlimit_nofile 100000;

events {

    worker_connections  2048;

    multi_accept on;

    use epoll;

}

http {

    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    server_tokens off;

    sendfile on;

    tcp_nopush on;

    tcp_nodelay on;

    keepalive_timeout  10;

    client_header_timeout 10;

    client_body_timeout 10;

    reset_timedout_connection on;

    send_timeout 10;

    limit_conn_zone $binary_remote_addr zone=addr:5m;

    limit_conn addr 100;

    include  /usr/local/nginx/conf/mime.types;

    charset UTF-8;

    gzip on;

    gzip_disable “msie6”;

    gzip_proxied any;

    gzip_min_length 1000;

    gzip_comp_level 6;

    gzip_types text/plain text/css application/json application/x-javascript text/xml application/xml application/xml+rss text/javascript;

    open_file_cache max=100000 inactive=20s;

    open_file_cache_valid 30s;

    open_file_cache_min_uses 2;

    open_file_cache_errors on;

    server {

        listen       80;

        server_name  localhost;

        charset utf-8;

        location  ~ /uploads/.*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|pdf|doc|xls|docx|xlsx|apk|htm|html|mp4|flv)$ {

            expires 24h;

            root /data0/nginx/res/home/;    

            access_log off;

            proxy_store on;

            proxy_store_access user:rw group:rw all:rw;

            proxy_temp_path         /data0/nginx/res/home/;

            proxy_redirect          off;

            proxy_set_header        Host $host;

            proxy_set_header        X-Real-IP $remote_addr;

            proxy_set_header        X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;  

            client_max_body_size    20m;

            client_body_buffer_size 1280k;

            proxy_connect_timeout   900;

            proxy_send_timeout      900;

            proxy_read_timeout      900;

            proxy_buffer_size       40k;

            proxy_buffers           40 320k;

            proxy_busy_buffers_size 640k;

            proxy_temp_file_write_size 640k;

            if ( !-e $request_filename)

            {

                 proxy_pass  http://127.0.0.1:80;

            }

        }

         location / {  client_max_body_size    20m;

                proxy_pass http://localhost:8080/;

                proxy_set_header Host $host;

                proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;

                proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;

#       allow 116.6.90.240;

#       deny all;

       }

        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;

      location = /50x.html {

            root   html;

        }

    }

}

之後可以啟動nginx服務

#/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t  校驗配置文件是否有誤

#/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx  啟動nginx服務

但是記得關閉防火牆或者开启防火墙规则

在CentOS 7 以後不再用iptables作為防火牆,直接使用firewall

# systemctl stop firewalld.service && systemctl disable firewalld.service

或者

#firewall-cmd –zone=public –add-port=80/tcp

注:当然在防火墙开启的情况下注意要把后续要用的服务端口都加上,不然会影响对外提供服务的

接下来就在浏览器中访问你服务的IP看看效果出現welcome to nginx便是配置成功了

2.安裝配置java 與tomcat

在安裝tomcat前需要安裝Java

內網使用安裝包安裝 解壓並且進入安裝包

# tar -zxvf jdk-8u101-linux-x64.tar.gz

# mkdir /usr/local/java

 mv jdk1.8.0_101/ /usr/local/java/

配置環境變量

# vim /etc/profile

在最有一行添加上下列信息

# java

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/local/java/jdk1.8.0_101

export JRE_HOME=/usr/local/java/jdk1.8.0_101/jre

export CLASSPATH=.:$JRE_HOME/lib/dt.jar:$JRE_HOME/lib/tools.jar

export PATH=$JRE_HOME/bin:$JRE_HOME/bin:$PATH

讓配置生效查看版本

# source /etc/profile

# java -version

java version “1.8.0_101”

Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_101-b13)

Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.101-b13, mixed mode)

首先tomcat是一個免安裝軟件直接進行解壓即可,查看tomcat版本及JVM配置環境信息

sh /data0/zt/tomcat01/bin/version.sh

Using CATALINA_BASE:   /data0/zt/tomcat01

Using CATALINA_HOME:   /data0/zt/tomcat01

Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /data0/zt/tomcat01/temp

Using JRE_HOME:        /usr/local/java/jdk1.8.0_101/jre

Using CLASSPATH:       /data0/zt/tomcat01/bin/bootstrap.jar:/data0/zt/tomcat01/bin/tomcat-juli.jar

Server version: Apache Tomcat/7.0.72

Server built:   Sep 14 2016 12:12:26 UTC

Server number:  7.0.72.0

OS Name:        Linux

OS Version:     3.10.0-327.el7.x86_64

Architecture:   amd64

JVM Version:    1.8.0_101-b13

JVM Vendor:     Oracle Corporation

修改全局參數 custom.properties 即數據庫連接等相關設定

vim /data0/zt/tomcat01/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/classes/custom.properties

hibernate.databasePlatform=org.hibernate.dialect.MySQL5InnoDBDialect

jdbc.driverClassName=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver

#jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost/test_jspxcms_enterprise?characterEncoding=utf8

#jdbc.username=root

#jdbc.password=password

jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://10.134.100.7/z?acharacterEncoding=utf8(修改成對應的連接主機IP、數據庫、帳號、密碼)

jdbc.username=root

jdbc.password=FLM@88

#hibernate.databasePlatform=org.hibernate.dialect.Oracle10gDialect

#jdbc.driverClass=oracle.jdbc.OracleDriver

#jdbc.url=jdbc:oracle:thin:@localhost:1521:orcl

#jdbc.user=jspxcms

#jdbc.password=password

#hibernate.databasePlatform=org.hibernate.dialect.SQLServer2005Dialect

#jdbc.driverClass=net.sourceforge.jtds.jdbc.Driver

#jdbc.url=jdbc:jtds:sqlserver://localhost:1433/jspxcms

#jdbc.user=sa

#jdbc.password=password

#jdbc.driverClass=com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerDriver

#jdbc.url=jdbc:sqlserver://localhost:1433;databaseName=jspxcms

#hibernate.databasePlatform=org.hibernate.dialect.DB2Dialect

#jdbc.driverClass=com.ibm.db2.jcc.DB2Driver

#jdbc.url=jdbc:db2://localhost:50000/SAMPLE:currentSchema=JSPXCMS;

#jdbc.user=db2admin

#jdbc.password=password

jdbc.pool.maxIdle=10

jdbc.pool.maxActive=30

hibernate.showSql=true(改為false,因为容易产生大量日志,导致磁盘空间爆满)

#jdbc.driverClass=net.sf.log4jdbc.DriverSpy

#jdbc.url=jdbc:log4jdbc:mysql://localhost/jspxcms?characterEncoding=utf8

# messages\u7f13\u5b58\u8bbe\u7f6e\u3002\u4e0d\u7f13\u5b58\uff1a0\uff1b\u6c38\u4e45\u7f13\u5b58\uff1a-1\u3002\u5355\u4f4d\uff1a\u79d2\u3002

messageSource.cacheSeconds=-1

# \u6a21\u677f\u7f13\u5b58\u8bbe\u7f6e\u3002\u4e0d\u7f13\u5b58\uff1a0\u3002\u5355\u4f4d\uff1a\u79d2\u3002

freemarkerConfig.template_update_delay=2

# Lucene\u7d22\u5f15\u76ee\u5f55

fsDirectory.location=/WEB-INF/fulltext

# \u662f\u5426\u81ea\u52a8\u63d0\u4ea4\u7d22\u5f15\u3002\u5982\u4e0d\u81ea\u52a8\u63d0\u4ea4\uff0c\u5728\u975e\u6b63\u5e38\u505c\u6b62Tomcat\u670d\u52a1\u65f6\uff0c\u7d22\u5f15\u4f1a\u4e22\u5931\u3002\u81ea\u52a8\u63d0\u4ea4\u5bf9\u6027\u80fd\u6709\u4e00\u5b9a\u5f71\u54cd\uff0c\u5728\u6570\u636e\u91cf\u5927\u7684\u60c5\u51b5\u4e0b\uff0c\u5e94\u8003\u8651\u5173\u95ed\u81ea\u52a8\u63d0\u4ea4\u3002

luceneIndexTemplate.autoCommit=true

# \u662f\u5426\u5141\u8bb8\u8bbf\u95ee\u7ad9\u70b9\u6587\u4ef6

webFile.isEnableSiteFile=true

#\u6a21\u7248\u8def\u5f84

templateStorePath=/template

#templateStorePath=file:d:\\jspxcms\\template

templateDisplayPath=/template

openofficeHost=openofficePort=

swftoolsPdf2swf=

#swftoolsPdf2swf=/usr/local/bin/pdf2swf#swftoolsLanguagedir\u4e5f\u53ef\u4ee5\u4e3a\u7a7a\uff0c\u4f46\u6709\u53ef\u80fd\u4e0d\u652f\u6301\u67d0\u4e9b\u5b57\u4f53

#swftoolsLanguagedir=/usr/share/xpdf/xpdf-chinese-simplified

swftoolsLanguagedir=

#\u521b\u59cb\u4eba\uff08\u901a\u5e38\u662fadmin\uff09\u662f\u5426\u62e5\u6709\u6240\u6709\u6743\u9650\u4e14\u4e0d\u53d7\u89d2\u8272\u6743\u9650\u63a7\u5236\u3002\u521b\u59cb\u4eba\u4e0d\u5c0f\u5fc3\u53d6\u6d88\u4e86\u81ea\u5df1\u7684\u89d2\u8272\u7ba1\u7406\u6743\u9650\u65f6\uff0c\u53ef\u4ee5\u5f00\u542f\u8be5\u9879\u3002

isRootAllPerms=false

#\u6587\u6863\u7ba1\u7406\u7684\u5173\u952e\u8bcd\u5206\u9694\u7b26

tagKeywordsSplit=\uff0c\uff1b;\uff5c|

defUsername=

defPassword=

#register.config.http.proxy.ip=10.161.24.62

#register.config.http.proxy.port=8083

register.config.mobile.message.accout.user=szfjj-4

register.config.mobile.message.accout.password=100d68

重啟tomcat服務

sh /data0/zt/tomcat01/bin/shutdown.sh(關閉tomcat服務)

netstat -nltp(查看是否開放了tomcat端口 8080 8009 8005)

ps -ef | grep java(查看是否殘留了tomcat服務,便於查看是否出現僵尸進程,可進行處理)

sh /data0/zt/tomcat01/bin/startup.sh(啟動tomcat服務)

3.ftpserver安裝

ftpserver也屬於免安裝的,直接對配置文檔進行修改就可以了

vim /data0/zt/apache-ftpserver-1.0.6/res/conf/user.properties

# specific language governing permissions and limitations

# under the License.

# Password is “admin”

ftpserver.user.admin.userpassword=21232F297A57A5A743894A0E4A801FC3

ftpserver.user.admin.homedirectory=/data0/nginx/res/home

ftpserver.user.admin.enableflag=true

ftpserver.user.admin.writepermission=true

ftpserver.user.admin.maxloginnumber=0

ftpserver.user.admin.maxloginperip=0

ftpserver.user.admin.idletime=0

ftpserver.user.admin.uploadrate=0

ftpserver.user.admin.downloadrate=0

ftpserver.user.anonymous.userpassword=

ftpserver.user.anonymous.homedirectory=/data0/nginx/res/home

ftpserver.user.anonymous.enableflag=true

ftpserver.user.anonymous.writepermission=false

ftpserver.user.anonymous.maxloginnumber=20

ftpserver.user.anonymous.maxloginperip=2

ftpserver.user.anonymous.idletime=300

ftpserver.user.anonymous.uploadrate=4800

ftpserver.user.anonymous.downloadrate=4800

需要創建一個存放ftp文件的目錄

mkdir -p /data0/nginx/res/home

cp -raf ftpd-typical.xml ftpd.xml

啟動ftp服務

sh /apache-ftpserver-1.0.6/bin/ftpd.sh  /apache-ftpserver-1.0.6/res/conf/ftpd.xml&

連接ftp

ftp localhost 2121

admin

admin

mput 上傳文件

mget 下載文件

在本地瀏覽器進行訪問ftp://admin:admin@10.134.100.174:2121

4.安裝數據庫

MySQL 已经不再包含在 CentOS 7 的源中,而改用了 MariaDB;

a、使用rpm -qa | grep mariadb搜索 MariaDB 现有的包:

如果存在,使用rpm -e –nodeps mariadb-*全部删除

b、使用rpm -qa | grep mariadb搜索 MariaDB 现有的包:

如果存在,使用yum remove mysql mysql-server mysql-libs compat-mysql51全部删除;

c、安装

需要下载 perl-DBI-1.521-1.EL5.rfx.x86_64.rpm 安装包, 

mariaDB MariaDB-5.5.29-rhel5-x86_64-common.rpm 

MariaDB-5.5.29-rhel5-x86_64-server.rpm 

MariaDB-5.5.29-rhel5-x86_64-client.rpm

d、然后再http://yum.mariadb.org/ 找到 RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB 这个PGP文件,

把文件放入到/etc/pki/rpm-gpg 目录下,执行 导入key 的命令 rpm –import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM*

e、安装perl-DBI-1.521-1.EL5.rfx.x86_64.rpm 包, rpm -ivh perl-DBI-1.521-1.EL5.rfx.x86_64.rpm

f、安装MariaDB 包 ,rpm -ivh MariaDB-*,安装完成

g、启动mysql:

[root@localhost mysql]# service mysql start

Starting MySQL……. SUCCESS!

h、查看mysql是否啟動成功

ps -ax | grep  mysql

进入mysql 

# mysql -u root -p

ENter password:

MariaDB [(none)]> show databases;

+——————–+

| Database |

+——————–+

| information_schema |

| mysql |

| performance_schema |

| test |

+——————–+

4 rows in set (5.75 sec)

i、配置mysql

mysql_secure_installation

接下來看情況進行配置

j、創建數據庫

現進入mysql

# mysql -u root -p

Enter password:

後面

MariaDB [(none)]>create database z character set utf8;

查看是否建立成功

MariaDB [(none)]>show databases;

k、導出你需要的數據庫

  mysqldump -h 10.157.136.134 -uroot -proot 

  –events –ignore-table=mysql.event –default-character-set=UTF8 jspxcms >z.sql

  

l、因為已經建立好了一個空數據庫來存放,現在只需要執行數據庫導入命令

# mysql -u root -p

Enter password:

MariaDB [(none)]>use z;

Database changed

MariaDB [z]> source /root/z.sql(此處為你放置z.sql的存放位置)

m、确定数据表是否创建成功,即数据文件是否导入成功。

MariaDB [z]>show tables;

若看到下列表單,說明導入成功

+————————–+

| Tables_in_z            |

+————————–+

| cms_ad                   |

| ……………………………………(此處省略)

| qrtz_triggers            |

| t_id_table               |

+————————–+

106 rows in set (0.00 sec)

n、要賦予數據庫權限

MariaDB [z]>GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO ‘root’@’10.134.100.7′ IDENTIFIED BY ‘FLM@88’ WITH GRANT OPTION;

MariaDB [z]>flush privileges;

o、檢驗是否賦予遠程連接數據庫權限已開通

mysql -h 10.134.100.7 -uroot -pFLM@88 z

如果進入數據庫說明成功,否則重啟mysql服務即可再次嘗試

service mysql restart

p、數據庫分大小寫(有可能會影響到頁面無法呈現的議題)

修改/etc/my.cnf配置文件即可

[mysqld]

datadir=/var/lib/mysql

socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock

# Disabling symbolic-links is recommended to prevent assorted security risks

symbolic-links=0

# Settings user and group are ignored when systemd is used.

# If you need to run mysqld under a different user or group,

# customize your systemd unit file for mariadb according to the

# instructions in http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Systemd

character_set_server = utf8

lower_case_table_names = 1 (不區分大小寫設定)

[mysqld_safe]

character_set_server = utf8

log-error=/var/log/mariadb/mariadb.log(若不存在,需建立文件夾)

pid-file=/var/run/mariadb/mariadb.pid(若不存在,需建立文件夾)

[mysql]

default-character-set = utf8

[mysql.server]

default-character-set = utf8

[client]

default-character-set = utf8

#

# include all files from the config directory

#

!includedir /etc/my.cnf.d

到達此處重啟下,Nginx、tomcat、ftpserver、mysql各項服務即可

nginx

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t 檢驗nginx配置文件是否正確

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx  啟動nginx服務

tomcat

sh /data0/zt/tomcat01/bin/startup 啟動tomcat服務

ftpserver

cd /data0/zt/apache-ftpserver-1.0.6

sh  bin/ftpd.sh  res/conf/ftpd.xml & 啟動ftpserver服務,檢驗返回值

mysql

service mysql restart 重啟mysql服務

在部署中可能遇見的問題:

若遇見僵尸程式:

 ps -A -o stat,ppid,pid,cmd | grep -e “^[Zz]”

kill掉ppid即可,殺死父進程


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