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NGINX MySQL PHP的安装步骤

mysql技术 芯空白 137次浏览 已收录 0个评论

一.NGINX的安装步骤

1.在浏览器中找到下载地址进行下载:

wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.16.0.tar.gz

2.然后解压到指定目录中 :

tar -zxvf nginx-1.16.0.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/

3.下载环境包

yum install openssl openssl-devel zlib zlib-devel pcre pcre-devel
yum install gcc gcc-c++

4.探测目标环境gcc等编辑器是否可用,生成Makefile

./configure

5.进入到下载好的目录中

cd /usr/local/src/nginx-1.16.0/

6.按照生成的Makefile 进行编译

make && make install

7.配置文件存放目录:

cd /usr/local/src/sbin/nginx

8.关闭防火墙,关闭SELinux

systemctl stop firewalld
setemctl 0

9.在浏览器中输入自己的IP进行查看

二.MySQL的安装步骤

1.在浏览器中找到下载地址进行下载

    wget http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.6/mysql-5.6.22.tar.gz

2.下载环境包:

    yum -y install cmake bison git ncurses-devel gcc gcc-c++

3.起名,给与权限:

    groupadd mysql
    useradd -g mysql mysql

4.解压安装包:

tar zxvf mysql-5.6.38.tar.gz

5.创建目录:

mkdir /usr/local/mysql
mkdir /usr/local/mysql/data

6.进入到下载好的目录中:

cd /usr/local/src/mysql-5.6.38/

7.开始编译安装

cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/mysql/data -DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306 -DMYSQL_USER=mysql -DENABLE_DOWNLOADS=1

8.按照生成的makefile进行编译

make && make install

9.修改目录属主权限

chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql/data/
chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql/

10.数据库初始化

scripts/mysql_install_db –user=mysql –basedir=/usr/local/mysql –datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data –pid-file=/usr/local/mysql/data/mysql.pid –tmpdir=/tmp

11.给与mysql.cnf可读的权限:

chown -R mysql:mysql my.cnf

12.对mysql进行编辑

vim my.cnf

basedir = /usr/local/mysql
datadir = /usr/local/mysql/data
port = …..
server_id = …..

scripts/mysql_install_db –user=mysql –basedir=/usr/local/mysql –datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data –pid-file=/usr/local/mysql/data/mysql.pid –tmpdir=/tmp

13.进入指定目录,启动MySQL

cd /usr/local/mysql/support-files
./mysql.server start

mysql启动

cd /usr/local/mysql/bin
./mysql -u root -p

三.PHP的安装步骤

1.在浏览器中找到下载地址进行下载:

wget http://cn2.php.net/distributions/php-5.6.0.tar.xz

2.然后解压到指定目录中:

xz -d php-5.6.0.tar.xz
tar xf php-5.6.0.tar -C /usr/tar xf php-5.6.0.tar -C /usr/ngmulusrc/

3.安装环境包:

yum install zlib-devel libxml2-devel libjpeg-devel libjpeg-turbo-devel

yum install freetype-devel libpng-devel gd-devel libcurl-devel libxslt-devel bz2-devel

(yum install epel-release.noarch )
wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/epel-6.repo

yum -y install libmcrypt-devel mhash mcrypt

4.创建 www 用户,并给与权限:

groupadd www
useradd -g www -s /sbin/nologin -M www

5.进入到指定目录,进行编译安装:

cd /usr/local/src/php-5.6.0/

#./configure \
–prefix=/usr/local/php56 \
–with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php56/etc \
–enable-inline-optimization \
–disable-debug \
–disable-rpath \
–enable-shared \
–enable-opcache \
–enable-fpm \
–with-fpm-user=www \
–with-fpm-group=www \
–with-mysql=mysqlnd \
–with-mysqli=mysqlnd \
–with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd \
–with-gettext \
–enable-mbstring \
–with-iconv \
–with-mcrypt \
–with-mhash \
–with-openssl \
–enable-bcmath \
–enable-soap \
–with-libxml-dir \
–enable-pcntl \
–enable-shmop \
–enable-sysvmsg \
–enable-sysvsem \
–enable-sysvshm \
–enable-sockets \
–with-curl \
–with-zlib \
–enable-zip \
–with-bz2 \
–with-readline\
–with-gd

6.按照生成的makefile进行编译

make && make install

如果想重新安装:
make过程中报错,解决错误后,

配置 PHP

1.进入下载好的源码包中:

cd /usr/local/src/php-5.6

配置文件:
cp php.ini-development /usr/local/php56/etc/php.ini

php-fpm 服务
cp /usr/local/php56/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php56/etc/php-fpm.conf

cp sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm56 (php-fpm的可执行文件)
chmod +x /etc/init.d/php-fpm56

启动 php-fpm(nginx与 php沟通 )

service php-fpm56 start

Starting php-fpm done
php-fpm 可用参数 start|stop|force-quit|restart|reload|status

添加 PHP 命令到环境变量,进行编辑 /etc/profile:

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin
改为:
PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin:/usr/local/php56/bin
使 PHP 环境变量生效:
source /etc/profile

查看看 PHP 版本

php -v
PHP 5.6.0(cli)(built:Sep23201403:44:18)Copyright(c)1997-2014The PHP GroupZendEngine v2.6.0,Copyright(c)1998-2014ZendTechnologies

执行 vim /usr/local/nginx/nginx.conf 编辑nginx配置文件

然后配置.php请求被传送到后端的php-fpm模块,取消PHP配置块的注释,修改为以下内容:

location ~* .php$ {
root html;
fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
include fastcgi_params;
}
}

nginx.conf第一行,默认是#user nobody; 这里要去掉注释改为user www-data;
表示nginx服务器的权限为www
改完这些保存并退出,重启nginx:
/usr/local/nginx/nginx -s stop
/usr/local/nginx/nginx
然后编辑一个测试的php程序,在nginx下的html目录下创建test.php文件,打印php配置:
<?php
phpinfo();
?>
  然后打开浏览器输入对应的地址进行访问,看到输出页面,说明nginx和php都配置成功了


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