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CentOS7.5源码安装MySQL5.7.28多实例

Centos技术 love8度幸福 52次浏览 已收录 0个评论

由于环境的需要,一个实例所有表要区分大小表,另一个实例不区分。部署过来也参数了很多资料,也遇到些坑,这里将我的部署记录下来,以便大家参考,操作过程如有不当之处,还请指点,谢谢!!
具体部署过程记录如下:

  1. 安装环境准备
    1.1 主机环境准备
    1.1.1. HOST
    配置每台主机的hosts(/etc/hosts),添加host_ip $hostname到/etc/hosts文件中。

[root@~]# echo " 192.168.8.100 multidb" >> /etc/hosts

1.1.2. 关闭selinux

[root@~]# sed -i 's/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=permissive/g' /etc/selinux/config
[root@~]# setenforce 0

1.1.3. 系统主机时间、时区、系统语言
 修改时区

[root@~]# ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime

 修改系统语言环境

[root@~]# echo 'LANG="en_US.UTF-8"' >> /etc/profile 
[root@~]# source /etc/profile

 配置主机NTP时间同步

[root@~]# yum -y install ntp
[root@~]# systemctl enable ntpd
[root@~]# systemctl start ntpd
[root@~]# echo 'server ntp1.aliyun.com' >> /etc/ntp.conf
[root@~]# echo 'server ntp2.aliyun.com' >> /etc/ntp.conf
  1. Mysql安装部署
    2.1 环境清理
    [root@~]# rpm -e --nodeps mariadb-libs-*
    [root@~]# rpm -e mysql*
    [root@~]# yum list installed | grep mariadb     ---确认已经清理干净
    [root@~]# yum list installed | grep mysql       ---确认已经清理干净
    [root@~]# mv /etc/my.cnf /etc/my.cnf.`date +%Y%m%d%H%M%S`.bak

    2.2 安装依赖包

[root@~]# yum -y install bzr zlib-devel gcc-c++ ncurses ncurses-devel libev make cmake gcc autoconf automake zlib libxml libgcrypt libtool bison perl perl-devel libaio libaio-devel perl-Time-HiRes perl-DBD-MySQL perl-Digest-MD5 rsync perl-Data-Dumper net-tools wget vim openssl openssl-devel

2.3 创建用户

[root@~]# groupadd mysql
[root@~]# useradd mysql -g mysql -s /sbin/nologin -M

2.4 配置系统内核参数

[root@~]# vi /etc/sysctl.conf
net.core.somaxconn = 65535
net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 65535
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 65535
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 10
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 120
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_intvl = 30
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_probes = 3
vm.swappiness = 0
net.ipv4.ip_forward=1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables=1
net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_thresh1=4096
net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_thresh2=6144
net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_thresh3=8192
kernel.shmmax = 25769803774
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.shmall = 16777216
kernel.sem = 1010 129280 1010 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
net.core.rmem_default = 4194304
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
fs.file-max = 6815744
[root@~]# modprobe br_netfilter
[root@~]# sysctl -p

2.5 修改系统资源限制

[root@~]# vi /etc/security/limits.conf
mysql  soft    nproc   65535
mysql  hard    nproc   65535
mysql  soft    nofile  65535
mysql  hard    nofile  65535
mysql  soft    stack   10240

2.6 修改环境变量

[root@~]# vi /etc/profile
if [ $USER = "mysql" ]; then
if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
ulimit -p 16384
ulimit -n 65536
else
ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
fi
fi
[root@~]# source /etc/profile

2.7 安装mysql多实例
2.7.1. 创建软件安装目录(部署路径请根据实际修改)

[root@~]# mkdir -pv /data/mysql/{3306,3307}
[root@~]# mkdir -v /data/mysql/3306/{logs,data,binlog}
[root@~]# mkdir -v /data/mysql/3307/{logs,data,binlog}

2.7.2. boost源码包下载

[root@opt~]# cd /opt
[root@opt~]# wget -c  http://www.sourceforge.net/projects/boost/files/boost/1.59.0/boost_1_59_0.tar.gz
[root@opt~]# tar zxvf boost_1_59_0.tar.gz
[root@opt~]# mv boost_1_59_0 /usr/local/boost

2.7.3. 下载并编译安装MySQL5.7.28
[root@opt~]# cd /opt“`

[root@opt~]# wget -c https://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-boost-5.7.28.tar.gz
[root@opt~]# tar zxvf mysql-boost-5.7.28.tar.gz
[root@opt~]# cd mysql-5.7.28
[root@mysql-5.7.28~]# cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql \
DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/mysql/data \
DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/usr/local/mysql/tmp/mysql.sock \
DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \
DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_bin \
DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all \
DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=ON \
DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
DWITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
DWITHOUT_EXAMPLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
DWITHOUT_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
DWITH_FAST_MUTEXES=1 \
DWITH_SSL=system \
DWITH_ZLIB=bundled \
DWITH_EDITLINE=bundled \
DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/boost \
DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \
DWITH_READLINE=1 \
DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=1 \
DWITH_DEBUG=0
[root@mysql-5.7.28~]# make
[root@mysql-5.7.28~]# make install

2.7.4.  配置MySQL环境变量

[root@~]# echo ‘export PATH=/usr/local/mysql/bin:$PATH’ >> /etc/profile
[root@~]# tail -1 /etc/profile
[root@~]# source /etc/profile

2.7.5.  MySQL参数配置
(1)server_id=3306与server_id=3307数值请根据实际配置,注意配置的id值与局域网内其他各实例所配置的数值不可以冲突;
(2)max_connections=1000配置MySQL数据库的最大连接数,根据实际需要配置;
(3)以下参数仅供参考,部署时根据实际需要添加配置,两份配置文件全部内容如下
**3306配置文件内容:**

[root@~]# vim /data/mysql/3306/my3306.cnf
[client]
port = 3306
socket = /data/mysql/3306/mysql3306.sock

[mysql]
prompt="\u@jsshapp \R:\m:\s [\d]> "
no-auto-rehash

[mysqld]
user = mysql
port = 3306
symbolic-links = 0
basedir = /usr/local/mysql
datadir = /data/mysql/3306/data/
socket = /data/mysql/3306/mysql3306.sock
pid-file = /data/mysql/3306/mysqld3306.pid
server_id = 3306
character_set_server = utf8
max_connections = 1000
skip_name_resolve = 1
open_files_limit = 65536
thread_cache_size = 64
table_open_cache = 4096
table_definition_cache = 1024
table_open_cache_instances = 64
max_prepared_stmt_count = 1048576
explicit_defaults_for_timestamp = true
log_timestamps = system

binlog_format = row
log_bin = /data/mysql/3306/binlog/mysql-bin
binlog_rows_query_log_events = on
expire_logs_days = 7
binlog_cache_size = 4M
max_binlog_cache_size = 2G
max_binlog_size = 1G
sync_binlog = 1

slow_query_log = on
slow_query_log_file = /data/mysql/3306/data/slow.log
log-error = /data/mysql/3306/logs/error.log
#log_queries_not_using_indexes = on
long_query_time = 1.000000

gtid_mode = on
enforce_gtid_consistency = on

default_storage_engine = innodb
default_tmp_storage_engine = innodb
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:1024M:autoextend
innodb_temp_data_file_path = ibtmp1:12M:autoextend
innodb_buffer_pool_filename = ib_buffer_pool
innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
innodb_log_file_size = 512M
innodb_online_alter_log_max_size = 1024M
innodb_open_files = 4096
innodb_page_size = 32k
innodb_thread_concurrency = 0
innodb_read_io_threads = 4
innodb_write_io_threads = 4
innodb_purge_threads = 4
innodb_page_cleaners = 4
innodb_print_all_deadlocks = on
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 20
innodb_spin_wait_delay = 128
innodb_autoinc_lock_mode = 2
innodb_io_capacity = 200
innodb_io_capacity_max = 2000
#innodb_flush_neighbors =
innodb_log_buffer_size = 8M
innodb_flush_log_at_timeout = 1
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 1024M
innodb_buffer_pool_instances = 4
autocommit = 1
innodb_buffer_pool_dump_pct = 25
innodb_buffer_pool_dump_at_shutdown = ON
innodb_buffer_pool_load_at_startup = ON

[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 32M


**3307配置(有添加lower_case_table_names)文件内容:**

[root@~]# vim /data/mysql/3307/my3307.cnf
[client]
port = 3307
socket = /data/mysql/3307/mysql3307.sock

[mysql]
prompt="\u@jsshapp \R:\m:\s [\d]> "
no-auto-rehash

[mysqld]
user = mysql
port = 3307
symbolic-links = 0
lower_case_table_names = 1
basedir = /usr/local/mysql
datadir = /data/mysql/3307/data/
socket = /data/mysql/3307/mysql3307.sock
pid-file = /data/mysql/3307/mysqld3307.pid
server_id = 3307
character_set_server = utf8
max_connections = 1000
skip_name_resolve = 1
open_files_limit = 65536
thread_cache_size = 64
table_open_cache = 4096
table_definition_cache = 1024
table_open_cache_instances = 64
max_prepared_stmt_count = 1048576
explicit_defaults_for_timestamp = true
log_timestamps = system

binlog_format = row
log_bin = /data/mysql/3307/binlog/mysql-bin
binlog_rows_query_log_events = on
expire_logs_days = 7
binlog_cache_size = 4M
max_binlog_cache_size = 2G
max_binlog_size = 1G
sync_binlog = 1

slow_query_log = on
slow_query_log_file = /data/mysql/3307/data/slow.log
log-error = /data/mysql/3307/logs/error.log
#log_queries_not_using_indexes = on
long_query_time = 1.000000

gtid_mode = on
enforce_gtid_consistency = on

default_storage_engine = innodb
default_tmp_storage_engine = innodb
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:1024M:autoextend
innodb_temp_data_file_path = ibtmp1:12M:autoextend
innodb_buffer_pool_filename = ib_buffer_pool
innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
innodb_log_file_size = 512M
innodb_online_alter_log_max_size = 1024M
innodb_open_files = 4096
innodb_page_size = 32k
innodb_thread_concurrency = 0
innodb_read_io_threads = 4
innodb_write_io_threads = 4
innodb_purge_threads = 4
innodb_page_cleaners = 4
innodb_print_all_deadlocks = on
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 20
innodb_spin_wait_delay = 128
innodb_autoinc_lock_mode = 2
innodb_io_capacity = 200
innodb_io_capacity_max = 2000
#innodb_flush_neighbors =
innodb_log_buffer_size = 8M
innodb_flush_log_at_timeout = 1
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 1024M
innodb_buffer_pool_instances = 4
autocommit = 1
innodb_buffer_pool_dump_pct = 25
innodb_buffer_pool_dump_at_shutdown = ON
innodb_buffer_pool_load_at_startup = ON

[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 32M
[root@~]# chown -R mysql:mysql /data
[root@~]# chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql

2.7.6.  dbone实例初始化
   操作实例初始化

[root@~]# mysqld –defaults-file=/data/mysql/3306/my3306.cnf –initialize –user=mysql –basedir=/usr/local/mysql/ –datadir=/data/mysql/3306/data/

   生成ssl文件

[root@~]# mysql_ssl_rsa_setup –user=mysql –basedir=/usr/local/mysql –datadir=/data/mysql/3306/data

   启动dbone实例

[root@~]# mysqld_safe –defaults-file=/data/mysql/3306/my3306.cnf –user=mysql &

   修改root密码

[root@~]# less /data/mysql/3306/logs/error.log|grep ‘A temporary password’
[root@~]# mysql -uroot -p -S /data/mysql/3306/mysql3306.sock
Enter password:
mysql> alter user ‘root’@’localhost’ identified by ‘密码’;
mysql> flush privileges;
mysql> exit;

   通过tcp/ip协议登陆mysql验证

[root@~]# mysql -uroot -p -S /data/mysql/3306/mysql3306.sock

   停止dbone实例

[root@~]# mysqladmin -uroot -p -S /data/mysql/3306/mysql3306.sock shutdown
Enter password:

2.7.7.  dbtwo实例初始化
   操作实例初始化

[root@~]# mysqld –defaults-file=/data/mysql/3307/my3307.cnf –initialize –user=mysql –basedir=/usr/local/mysql/ –datadir=/data/mysql/3307/data/

   生成ssl文件

[root@~]# mysql_ssl_rsa_setup –user=mysql –basedir=/usr/local/mysql –datadir=/data/mysql/3307/data

   启动dbtwo实例

[root@~]# mysqld_safe –defaults-file=/data/mysql/3307/my3307.cnf –user=mysql &

   修改root密码

[root@~]# less /data/mysql/3307/logs/error.log|grep ‘A temporary password’
[root@~]# mysql -uroot -p -S /data/mysql/3307/mysql3307.sock
Enter password:
mysql> alter user ‘root’@’localhost’ identified by ‘密码’;
mysql> flush privileges;
mysql> exit;

   通过tcp/ip协议登陆mysql验证

[root@~]# mysql -uroot -p -S /data/mysql/3307/mysql3307.sock

   停止dbtwo实例

[root@~]# mysqladmin -uroot -p -S /data/mysql/3307/mysql3307.sock shutdown
Enter password:

2.7.8.  配置多实例系统启动脚本
   配置实例3306系统服务脚本

[root@~]# vim /etc/init.d/dbone
#!/bin/sh
#chkconfig: 2345 80 90
#Simple dbone mysql init.d script conceived to work on Linux systems

SOCK="/data/mysql/3306/mysql3306.sock"
CNF="/data/mysql/3306/my3306.cnf"
MYSQL_USER="mysql"
MYSQL_PWD="密码"
CmdPath="/usr/local/mysql/bin"

#startup function
function_start_mysql()
{
printf "Starting MySQL…\n"
/bin/sh ${CmdPath}/mysqld_safe –defaults-file=${CNF} –user=${MYSQL_USER} 2>&1 > /dev/null &
}

#stop function
function_stop_mysql()
{
printf "Stoping MySQL…\n"
${CmdPath}/mysqladmin -u ${MYSQL_USER} -p${MYSQL_PWD} -S ${SOCK} shutdown
}

#restart function
function_restart_mysql()
{
printf "Restarting MySQL…\n"
function_stop_mysql
sleep 2
function_start_mysql
}

case $1 in
start)
function_start_mysql
;;
stop)
function_stop_mysql
;;
restart)
function_restart_mysql
;;
*)
printf "Usage: dbone {start|stop|restart}\n"
esac

   配置实例3307系统服务脚本

[root@~]# vim /etc/init.d/dbtwo
#!/bin/sh
#chkconfig: 2345 81 92
#Simple dbtwo mysql init.d script conceived to work on Linux systems

SOCK="/data/mysql/3307/mysql3307.sock"
CNF="/data/mysql/3307/my3307.cnf"
MYSQL_USER="mysql"
MYSQL_PWD="密码"
CmdPath="/usr/local/mysql/bin"

#startup function
function_start_mysql()
{
printf "Starting MySQL…\n"
/bin/sh ${CmdPath}/mysqld_safe –defaults-file=${CNF} –user=${MYSQL_USER} 2>&1 > /dev/null &
}

#stop function
function_stop_mysql()
{
printf "Stoping MySQL…\n"
${CmdPath}/mysqladmin -u ${MYSQL_USER} -p${MYSQL_PWD} -S ${SOCK} shutdown
}

#restart function
function_restart_mysql()
{
printf "Restarting MySQL…\n"
function_stop_mysql
sleep 2
function_start_mysql
}

case $1 in
start)
function_start_mysql
;;
stop)
function_stop_mysql
;;
restart)
function_restart_mysql
;;
*)
printf "Usage: dbtwo {start|stop|restart}\n"
esac

   配置授权添加系统服务

[root@~]# chmod +x /etc/init.d/dbone
[root@~]# chmod +x /etc/init.d/dbtwo
[root@~]# chkconfig –add dbone
[root@~]# chkconfig –add dbtwo
[root@~]# chkconfig –list dbone
[root@~]# chkconfig –list dbtwo


   启动两个db服务

[root@~]# service dbone start
[root@~]# service dbtwo start

   停止两个db服务

[root@~]# service dbone stop
[root@~]# service dbtwo stop

   查看两个db服务进程

[root@~]# netstat -tnlp|grep 3306
[root@~]# netstat -tnlp|grep 3307

2.7.9.  数据导入
第一个实例创建库与用户密码:

[root@~]# mysql -uroot -p -S /data/mysql/3306/mysql3306.sock
Enter password:
mysql> create database testone default character set utf8 collate utf8_bin;
mysql> grant select,insert,update,delete,create,execute on testone.* to ‘testone’@’%’ identified by ‘密码’;
mysql> set global log_bin_trust_function_creators=TRUE;
mysql> flush privileges;
mysql> exit
[root@~]# mysql -uroot -p -S /data/mysql/3306/mysql3306.sock testone < /data/test.sql

第二个实例创建库与用户密码:

[root@~]# mysql -uroot -p -S /data/mysql/3307/mysql3307.sock
Enter password:
mysql> create database testtwo default character set utf8 collate utf8_bin;
mysql> grant select,insert,update,delete,create,execute on testtwo.* to ‘testtwo’@’%’ identified by ‘密码’;
mysql> flush privileges;
mysql> exit
[root@~]# mysql -uroot -p -S /data/mysql/3307/mysql3307.sock testtwo < /data/testtwo.sql

2.7.10. 防火墙配置
   根据实际要求,添加开放端口

[root@~]# firewall-cmd –zone=public –add-port=3306/tcp –permanent
[root@~]# firewall-cmd –zone=public –add-port=3307/tcp –permanent

   重新载入

[root@~]# firewall-cmd –reload


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