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Kubernetes 之 Nginx 动静态 PV 持久存储 下篇

Nginx相关 xjtuhit 44次浏览 已收录 0个评论

接上篇 Kubernetes 中部署 NFS Provisioner 为 NFS 提供动态分配卷(上篇)请添加链接描述

一、nginx 使用 nfs 静态 PV

1、静态 nfs-static-nginx-rc.yaml

##清理资源
kubectl delete -f nfs-static-nginx-rc.yaml -n test

cat >nfs-static-nginx-rc.yaml<<\EOF
##创建namespace
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
   name: test
   labels:
     name: test
##创建nfs-pv
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolume
metadata:
  name: nfs-pv
  labels:
    pv: nfs-pv
spec:
  capacity:
    storage: 10Gi
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteMany
  persistentVolumeReclaimPolicy: Retain
  storageClassName: nfs  # 注意这里使用nfs的storageClassName,如果没改k8s的默认storageClassName的话,这里可以省略
  nfs:
    path: /data/nfs/nginx/
    server: 10.198.1.155
##创建nfs-pvc
---
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: nfs-pvc
  namespace: test
  labels:
    pvc: nfs-pvc
spec:
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteMany
  resources:
    requests:
      storage: 10Gi
  storageClassName: nfs
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      pv: nfs-pv
##部署应用nginx
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ReplicationController
metadata:
  name: nginx-test
  namespace: test
  labels:
    name: nginx-test
spec:
  replicas: 2
  selector:
    name: nginx-test
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
       name: nginx-test
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: nginx-test
        image: docker.io/nginx
        volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /usr/share/nginx/html
          name: nginx-data
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80
      volumes:
      - name: nginx-data
        persistentVolumeClaim:
          claimName: nfs-pvc
##创建service
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  namespace: test
  name: nginx-test
  labels:
    name: nginx-test
spec:
  type: NodePort
  ports:
  - port: 80
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 80
    name: http
    nodePort: 30080
  selector:
    name: nginx-test
EOF

##创建资源
kubectl apply -f nfs-static-nginx-rc.yaml -n test

##查看pv资源
kubectl get pv -n test --show-labels

##查看pvc资源
kubectl get pvc -n test --show-labels

##查看pod
$ kubectl get pods -n test
NAME               READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
nginx-test-r4n2j   1/1     Running   0          54s
nginx-test-zstf5   1/1     Running   0          54s

#可以看到,nginx应用已经部署成功。
#nginx应用的数据目录是使用的nfs共享存储,我们在nfs共享的目录里加入index.html文件,然后再访问nginx-service暴露的端口
#切换到到nfs-server服务器上

echo "Test NFS Share discovery with nfs-static-nginx-rc" > /data/nfs/nginx/index.html

#在浏览器上访问kubernetes主节点的 http://master:30080,就能访问到这个页面内容了

2、静态 nfs-static-nginx-deployment.yaml

##清理资源
kubectl delete -f nfs-static-nginx-deployment.yaml -n test

cat >nfs-static-nginx-deployment.yaml<<\EOF
##创建namespace
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
   name: test
   labels:
     name: test
##创建nfs-pv
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolume
metadata:
  name: nfs-pv
  labels:
    pv: nfs-pv
spec:
  capacity:
    storage: 10Gi
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteMany
  persistentVolumeReclaimPolicy: Retain
  storageClassName: nfs  # 注意这里使用nfs的storageClassName,如果没改k8s的默认storageClassName的话,这里可以省略
  nfs:
    path: /data/nfs/nginx/
    server: 10.198.1.155
##创建nfs-pvc
---
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: nfs-pvc
  namespace: test
  labels:
    pvc: nfs-pvc
spec:
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteMany
  resources:
    requests:
      storage: 10Gi
  storageClassName: nfs
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      pv: nfs-pv
##部署应用nginx
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: nginx-deployment
  namespace: test
  labels:
    name: nginx-test
spec:
  replicas: 2
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      name: nginx-test
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
       name: nginx-test
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: nginx-test
        image: docker.io/nginx
        volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /usr/share/nginx/html
          name: nginx-data
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80
      volumes:
      - name: nginx-data
        persistentVolumeClaim:
          claimName: nfs-pvc
##创建service
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  namespace: test
  name: nginx-test
  labels:
    name: nginx-test
spec:
  type: NodePort
  ports:
  - port: 80
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 80
    name: http
    nodePort: 30080
  selector:
    name: nginx-test
EOF

##创建资源
kubectl apply -f nfs-static-nginx-deployment.yaml -n test

##查看pv资源
kubectl get pv -n test --show-labels

##查看pvc资源
kubectl get pvc -n test --show-labels

##查看pod
$ kubectl get pods -n test
NAME                                READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
nginx-deployment-64d6f78cdf-8bw8t   1/1     Running   0          55s
nginx-deployment-64d6f78cdf-n5n4q   1/1     Running   0          55s

#可以看到,nginx应用已经部署成功。
#nginx应用的数据目录是使用的nfs共享存储,我们在nfs共享的目录里加入index.html文件,然后再访问nginx-service暴露的端口
#切换到到nfs-server服务器上

echo "Test NFS Share discovery with nfs-static-nginx-deployment" > /data/nfs/nginx/index.html

#在浏览器上访问kubernetes主节点的 http://master:30080,就能访问到这个页面内容了

3、nginx 多目录挂载

  1. PV 和 PVC 是一一对应关系,当有 PV 被某个 PVC  所占用时,会显示 banding,其它 PVC 不能再使用绑定过的 PV。

  2. PVC 一旦绑定 PV,就相当于是一个存储卷,此时 PVC 可以被多个  Pod 所使用。(PVC支不支持被多个 Pod 访问,取决于访问模型   accessMode 的定义)。

  3. PVC 若没有找到合适的 PV 时,则会处于 pending 状态。

  4. PV 是属于集群级别的,不能定义在名称空间中。

  5. PVC 时属于名称空间级别的。
##清理资源
kubectl delete -f nfs-static-nginx-dp-many.yaml -n test

cat >nfs-static-nginx-dp-many.yaml<<\EOF
##创建namespace
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
   name: test
   labels:
     name: test
##创建nginx-data-pv
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolume
metadata:
  name: nginx-data-pv
  labels:
    pv: nginx-data-pv
spec:
  capacity:
    storage: 50Gi
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteMany
  persistentVolumeReclaimPolicy: Retain
  storageClassName: nfs  # 注意这里使用nfs的storageClassName,如果没改k8s的默认storageClassName的话,这里可以省略
  nfs:
    path: /data/nfs/nginx/
    server: 10.198.1.155
##创建nginx-etc-pv
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolume
metadata:
  name: nginx-etc-pv
  labels:
    pv: nginx-etc-pv
spec:
  capacity:
    storage: 50Gi
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteMany
  persistentVolumeReclaimPolicy: Retain
  storageClassName: nfs  # 注意这里使用nfs的storageClassName,如果没改k8s的默认storageClassName的话,这里可以省略
  nfs:
    path: /data/nfs/nginx/
    server: 10.198.1.155
##创建pvc名字为nfs-nginx-data,存放数据
---
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: nfs-nginx-data
  namespace: test
  labels:
    pvc: nfs-nginx-data
spec:
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteMany
  resources:
    requests:
      storage: 50Gi
  storageClassName: nfs
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      pv: nginx-data-pv
##创建pvc名字为nfs-nginx-etc,存放配置文件
---
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: nfs-nginx-etc
  namespace: test
  labels:
    pvc: nfs-nginx-etc
spec:
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteMany
  resources:
    requests:
      storage: 50Gi
  storageClassName: nfs
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      pv: nginx-etc-pv
##部署应用nginx
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: nginx-deployment
  namespace: test
  labels:
    name: nginx-test
spec:
  replicas: 2
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      name: nginx-test
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
       name: nginx-test
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: nginx-test
        image: docker.io/nginx
        volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /usr/share/nginx/html
          name: nginx-data
        # - mountPath: /etc/nginx   #--这里需要注意,如果是这么挂载,那么需要事先现在/data/nfs/nginx/目录下把nginx的完整配置提前拷贝好
        #   name: nginx-etc
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80
      volumes:
      - name: nginx-data
        persistentVolumeClaim:
          claimName: nfs-nginx-data
      # - name: nginx-etc
      #   persistentVolumeClaim:
      #     claimName: nfs-nginx-etc
##创建service
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  namespace: test
  name: nginx-test
  labels:
    name: nginx-test
spec:
  type: NodePort
  ports:
  - port: 80
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 80
    name: http
    nodePort: 30080
  selector:
    name: nginx-test
EOF

##创建资源
kubectl apply -f nfs-static-nginx-dp-many.yaml -n test

##查看pv资源
kubectl get pv -n test --show-labels

##查看pvc资源
kubectl get pvc -n test --show-labels

##查看pod
$ kubectl get pods -n test
NAME                                READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
nginx-deployment-64d6f78cdf-8bw8t   1/1     Running   0          55s
nginx-deployment-64d6f78cdf-n5n4q   1/1     Running   0          55s

##进入容器
kubectl exec -it nginx-deployment-f687cdf47-xncj8 -n test /bin/bash

#可以看到,nginx应用已经部署成功。
#nginx应用的数据目录是使用的nfs共享存储,我们在nfs共享的目录里加入index.html文件,然后再访问nginx-service暴露的端口
#切换到到nfs-server服务器上

echo "Test NFS Share discovery with nfs-static-nginx-dp-many" > /data/nfs/nginx/index.html

#在浏览器上访问kubernetes主节点的 http://master:30080,就能访问到这个页面内容了

4、参数 namespace

##清理资源
export NAMESPACE="mos-namespace"

kubectl delete -f nfs-static-nginx-dp-many.yaml -n ${NAMESPACE}

cat >nfs-static-nginx-dp-many.yaml<<-EOF
##创建namespace
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
   name: ${NAMESPACE}
   labels:
     name: ${NAMESPACE}
##创建nginx-data-pv
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolume
metadata:
  name: nginx-data-pv
  labels:
    pv: nginx-data-pv
spec:
  capacity:
    storage: 50Gi
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteMany
  persistentVolumeReclaimPolicy: Retain
  storageClassName: nfs  # 注意这里使用nfs的storageClassName,如果没改k8s的默认storageClassName的话,这里可以省略
  nfs:
    path: /data/nfs/nginx/
    server: 10.198.1.155
##创建nginx-log-pv
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolume
metadata:
  name: nginx-log-pv
  labels:
    pv: nginx-log-pv
spec:
  capacity:
    storage: 50Gi
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteMany
  persistentVolumeReclaimPolicy: Retain
  storageClassName: nfs  # 注意这里使用nfs的storageClassName,如果没改k8s的默认storageClassName的话,这里可以省略
  nfs:
    path: /data/nfs/nginx/
    server: 10.198.1.155
##创建pvc名字为nfs-nginx-data,存放数据
---
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: nfs-nginx-data
  labels:
    pvc: nfs-nginx-data
spec:
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteMany
  resources:
    requests:
      storage: 50Gi
  storageClassName: nfs
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      pv: nginx-data-pv
##创建pvc名字为nfs-nginx-log,存放日志文件
---
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: nfs-nginx-log
  labels:
    pvc: nfs-nginx-log
spec:
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteMany
  resources:
    requests:
      storage: 50Gi
  storageClassName: nfs
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      pv: nginx-log-pv
##部署应用nginx
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: nginx-deployment
  labels:
    name: nginx-test
spec:
  replicas: 2
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      name: nginx-test
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
       name: nginx-test
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: nginx-test
        image: docker.io/nginx
        volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /usr/share/nginx/html
          name: nginx-data
        - mountPath: /var/log/nginx
          name: nginx-log
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80
      volumes:
      - name: nginx-data
        persistentVolumeClaim:
          claimName: nfs-nginx-data
      - name: nginx-log
        persistentVolumeClaim:
          claimName: nfs-nginx-log
##创建service
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: nginx-test
  labels:
    name: nginx-test
spec:
  type: NodePort
  ports:
  - port: 80
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 80
    name: http
    nodePort: 30180
  selector:
    name: nginx-test
EOF

##创建资源
kubectl apply -f nfs-static-nginx-dp-many.yaml -n ${NAMESPACE}

二、nginx 使用 nfs 动态 PV

https://github.com/Lancger/opsfull/blob/master/components/external-storage/3%E3%80%81%E5%8A%A8%E6%80%81%E7%94%B3%E8%AF%B7PV%E5%8D%B7.md

1、动态 nfs-dynamic-nginx.yaml

通过参数控制在哪个命名空间创建

##清理命名空间
kubectl delete ns k8s-public

##创建命名空间
kubectl create ns k8s-public

##清理资源
kubectl delete -f nfs-dynamic-nginx-deployment.yaml -n k8s-public

cat >nfs-dynamic-nginx-deployment.yaml<<\EOF
##动态申请nfs-dynamic-pvc
---
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: nfs-dynamic-claim
spec:
  storageClassName: nfs-storage #--需要与上面创建的storageclass的名称一致
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteMany
  resources:
    requests:
      storage: 90Gi
##部署应用nginx
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: nginx-deployment
  labels:
    name: nginx-test
spec:
  replicas: 3
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      name: nginx-test
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
       name: nginx-test
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: nginx-test
        image: docker.io/nginx
        volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /usr/share/nginx/html
          name: nginx-data
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80
      volumes:
      - name: nginx-data
        persistentVolumeClaim:
          claimName: nfs-dynamic-claim
##创建service
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: nginx-test
  labels:
    name: nginx-test
spec:
  type: NodePort
  ports:
  - port: 80
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 80
    name: http
    nodePort: 30090
  selector:
    name: nginx-test
EOF

##创建资源
kubectl apply -f nfs-dynamic-nginx-deployment.yaml -n k8s-public

##查看pv资源
kubectl get pv -n k8s-public --show-labels

##查看pvc资源
kubectl get pvc -n k8s-public --show-labels

##查看pod
$ kubectl get pods -n k8s-public
NAME                                READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
nginx-deployment-544f569478-5t8wm   1/1     Running   0          40s
nginx-deployment-544f569478-8gks5   1/1     Running   0          40s
nginx-deployment-544f569478-pw96x   1/1     Running   0          40s

#可以看到,nginx应用已经部署成功。
#nginx应用的数据目录是使用的nfs共享存储,我们在nfs共享的目录里加入index.html文件,然后再访问nginx-service暴露的端口
#切换到到nfs-server服务器上

#注意动态的在这个目录,创建的目录命名方式为 “namespace名称-pvc名称-pv名称”
/data/nfs/kube-public-test-claim-pvc-ad304939-e75d-414f-81b5-7586ef17db6c

echo "Test NFS Share discovery with nfs-dynamic-nginx-deployment" > /data/nfs/kube-public-test-claim-pvc-ad304939-e75d-414f-81b5-7586ef17db6c/index.html

#在浏览器上访问kubernetes主节点的 http://master:30090,就能访问到这个页面内容了

Kubernetes 之 Nginx 动静态 PV 持久存储 下篇

参考文档:

作者:Lancger
github 地址:https://url.cn/5osLAuY
转载请获得作者授权
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